The Classical era of music is said to have begun in the early 18th century and ended in the late 18th century. During this era, there were many different forms of popular music played all over Europe, but three musicians are particularly well-known for their contributions to classical music: Mozart, Claude Debussy, and Beethoven. All three of these composers are considered the quintessential classical composers, and many believe that their music represents the height of this type of music. While there are countless pieces written by these and other classical composers that could be included on a list of the most popular tunes, here are six of the most well-known and loved classical pieces of most musicians and enthusiasts.
Claude Debussy – Claire de Lune
Claude Debussy’s “Claire de Lune” is one of the most well-known pieces of classical music. The song is usually played by string instruments, including the violin and viola, but some versions include piano or harp accompaniment instead. It was initially composed for piano in 1889, at which time it was called “Suite Bergamasque, III. Clair de Lune”. The name was later changed to “Claire de Lune” in memory of Debussy’s deceased daughter. Many beginners find sheet music for Clair de Lune helpful when learning to play it and it’s one of the favorite pieces amongst piano players. It is so widely recognized because of its simple but beautiful melody. Today, Clair de Lune is recognized as a staple in the history of classical music, even though it sounds more like modern pieces than those written during the Classical Period.
W.A. Mozart – Symphony No. 40 in G minor, K. 550
Mozart is known for his many symphonies, concertos, and sonatas, but his Symphony No. 40 in G minor, K. 550 is one of his most popular pieces. The work was completed in 1788 and is about 26 minutes long. It’s one of the shorter symphonies Mozart wrote, but it is still considered a masterpiece. The first movement Allegro molto is particularly well-known and often played by classical musicians. This symphony is one of the most frequently performed pieces by Mozart and is a favorite amongst audiences. Mozart is also one of those composers whose life’s work inspired musicians, singers, and piano players worldwide and helped them to communicate with music better.
Ludwig van Beethoven – Moonlight Sonata, Op. 27 No. 2
The Moonlight Sonata, Op. 27 No. 2 is one of Beethoven’s most famous pieces. It was written in 1801 and is usually played on the piano. The sonata has three movements: Allegretto, Adagio sostenuto, and Presto agitato. It’s named Moonlight Sonata because Ludwig van Beethoven told his publisher that the first movement reminded him of the soft moonlight shining upon Lake Lucerne. This tune has become popular because of its romanticism and is a favorite of many pianists. The Moonlight Sonata is also one of the most popular pieces amongst classical music listeners and is considered the pinnacle of Beethoven’s classical career.
W.A. Mozart – Requiem Mass in D minor, K. 626
Mozart’s Requiem Mass is one of his most beloved works because it was left incomplete at the time of the composer’s death. Mozart had been commissioned to write this piece by Count Walsegg-Stuppach for a requiem mass service, which takes place on the anniversary of a person’s death. In 1985, parts that had been written by his wife were removed from performances because they couldn’t be authenticated as being composed by him. It was played for the first time in full in 1991 under conductor Sir Neville Marriner, but Maon Cylinders recorded a version in the early 20th century which is often considered to be very accurate. Requiem is also one of Mozart’s most popular pieces.
Beethoven – Symphony No. 5, Op. 67
Ludwig van Beethoven’s “Symphony No. 5” is a frequent choice for beginning classical musicians and enthusiasts because of the famous four-note opening motif which everybody recognizes immediately, even if they don’t recognize it as having been written by Beethoven or that it’s part of a symphony at all. Ludwig van Beethoven wrote his Symphony No. 5 in 1804 and it was one of his most famous pieces upon his death 10 years later. It’s common to hear people talk about listening to this piece of music for courage. During World War II, Winston Churchill even requested that the London Philharmonic play it after a bombing raid on London during The Blitz because he felt that it would restore morale to the people of England. Even though the symphony has four movements, many people forget about them once they start playing because of their popularity and how easy it is to listen to them at a high tempo. This might not be as recognizable as some of Beethoven’s other pieces, but it is still one of the most popular tunes in classical music. Many musicians who aren’t familiar with this tune have performed it simply because they recognize its popularity amongst audiences and fellow musicians.
W.A. Mozart – Piano Concerto No. 21 in C major, K 467
Mozart’s “Piano Concerto No. 21 in C major, K 467” is one of the most famous and well-loved pieces of classical music. The concerto is scored for solo piano, two flutes, two oboes, two bassoons, four horns, strings, and timpani. It was written by Mozart in 1785 and first performed on April 14th of that year. The concerto is in three movements: Allegro, Andante, and Rondo (Allegretto). The “Piano Concerto No. 21” has been featured in many films throughout the years and continues to be one of the most popular classical pieces around. For beginners, this is a good way to start because it’s easy to recognize and isn’t too long.
Whether you’re a fan of classical music or not, it’s hard not to appreciate these timeless pieces. Classical music is some of the most beautiful and well-known music in the world. While there are countless pieces written by classical composers, these six tunes are some of the most popular and often played. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced musician, learning to play these pieces will give you a strong foundation in classical music. So, what are you waiting for? Start playing!