Also, this will create a second cap on how long FHV companies can let their vehicles cruise empty without passengers in the Manhattan core, below 96th Street. Taken together, these caps are expected to cut congestion, increasing speeds in the evening rush hour by up to 10 percent. As companies reduce the time drivers cruise without a passenger, these policies have the potential to increase net driver hourly pay as much as 20 percent during the busiest times. They build on the unprecedented, first-in-the-country actions the City has taken to protect hardworking drivers and reign in congestion. You can read the report that informed these policies here.
This comes after last year’s driver pay standard, which increased earnings at the four major high-volume FHV companies: Uber, Lyft, Via and Juno. The standard, which went into effect earlier this February, guarantees drivers a per-trip amount that will net at least $17.22 an hour, and if they make less on any given trip, the app companies must pay the difference. After the rule took effect, between February 1 and May 19 drivers earned an additional $172 million, based on per-trip pay earned before and after the rules took effect. Before the standard went into effect, drivers only made the minimum pay standard on 4 percent of trips, now they make that or more on 100 percent of trips — equivalent to an annual pay increase of $10,000. More than 80,000 FHV drivers are now benefiting from increased wages.
“For too long, app companies have taken advantage of hard working drivers, choking our streets with congestion and driving workers into poverty,” said Mayor de Blasio. “That era will come to an end in New York City. Last year we took the first step, and this year we’re going further with new restrictions on how many empty cars these companies can have on our streets. That means higher wages for drivers and less congested streets for our city.”
Extending the Cap on FHV Licenses: The initial cap on FHV licenses was initially temporary, set to run out in August 2019. Now, TLC will pursue rulemaking to extend this cap, with vigilant monitoring to ensure outer borough services remains fast and reliable. The cap will exclude wheelchair accessible vehicles and all-electric vehicles, to accelerate the creation of a greener, more accessible FHV fleet. Rules extending the cap will be noticed in June so it can take effect before the temporary cap expires in August.
New Cap on Cruising in the Manhattan Core: TLC will create a new rule that limits the amount of time an app company’s drivers can cruise in the core without passengers. Currently, they cruise a remarkable 41 percent of the time without passengers, increasing congestion. This cap would require companies to reduce cruising to just 31 percent of the time vehicles are on the road. Strict penalties will ensure compliance, and TLC retains the right to suspend or revoke a company’s license to operate in New York City if they fail to comply.
This cap will be in effect weekdays 6 AM to 11 PM and weekends 8 AM to 11 PM. Companies will be required to decrease cruising to 36 percent by February 2020, and reach the 31 percent target by August 2020 in order to avoid sanction.
These caps complement other actions announced by the de Blasio Administration to help yellow taxi drivers this week, including:
- Waiving Medallion Fee: Medallion owners no longer have to pay $1,100 every two years to renew their medallion. TLC will immediately stop collecting the fee, and we will work with the Council to pass Council Members Levine’s legislation.
- Driver Assistance Center: The City will create a new driver assistance center within one year that will have on-site staff to screen drivers for various issues and then connect to relevant services including advocacy, financial counseling and debt restructuring assistance, referrals to health services and screening for HRA benefits.
The City is doing more to fight discrimination in the industry. TLC launched the Office of Inclusion five months ago. Since then, there has been robust outreach to civil rights groups, the driver industry, and the broader community. TLC has assigned a dedicated data analyst to work with TLC’s Prosecution and IT divisions to review patterns of potential systematic discrimination in the FHV sector to inform TLC Prosecution enforcement. TLC is also looking at how to make the process of filing complaints more efficient, and will educate the public about how to make those complaints.
“The Mayor’s announcement today is welcome news for everyone who has ever sat in Midtown traffic in a bus, cab or car,” said DOT Commissioner Polly Trottenberg. “Having over 40 percent of FHVs in peak hours cruising empty on the City’s most congested streets is simply unsustainable. Along with other ambitious solutions like the Better Buses plan and congestion pricing, we look forward to working with TLC on implementing these new common-sense rules for FHVs that will help get our City moving again.”
“The de Blasio Administration is fully committed to making transportation more accessible to New Yorkers and visitors with disabilities,” said MOPD Commissioner Victor Calise. “Extending the cap on the issuance of for-hire vehicles (FHV) licenses while continuing to have an exception for wheelchair accessible vehicles is a powerful incentive for FHV companies and potential drivers to increase the number of wheelchair accessible vehicles on the road to serve the needs of everyone. MOPD is proud of the gains the City has made to increase the size of the wheelchair accessible FHV fleet thanks to the enactment of the TLC’s accessibility rules and we look forward to further enhancing accessible transportation options after today’s announcement.”
“With this new policy, New York City is holding companies accountable for the underutilization of drivers and oversupply of vehicles that have choked the city’s streets,” said Acting TLC Commissioner Bill Heinzen. “This innovative approach represents a major win for our hardworking drivers and the city as a whole. It shows how cities nationwide can take back control of their streets.”
Assembly Member Jeffrey Dinowitz said: “The arrival of e-hail car services such as Uber and Lyft completely upended the for-hire vehicle industry in New York City, bringing an enormous influx of new cars to our streets that had somehow escaped our agreed-upon set of medallion regulations for yellow and green cabs. The rise in e-hails has directly resulted in increased congestion from empty cars roving our neighborhoods as they wait for their next passenger pickup to be assigned to them. It is entirely logical that all for-hire vehicles should be regulated in the same manner, no matter whether they are summoned by app or on the street. It is unsustainable to allow unfettered access to our streets and potential passengers, and I am glad to Mayor de Blasio working to address this inequality among various FHV providers.”
“The extension of the for-hire vehicle cap is a necessary step to reduce congestion and protect New York’s drivers,” said Assembly Member David I. Weprin. “By extending the cap, we ensure parity between yellow cab taxis, who must adhere to limits of their own, and FHVs; while keeping congestion causing cars off our streets. I am grateful to Mayor Bill de Blasio for extending this cap and taking further steps to safeguard New York’s drivers.”
“Independent owner-drivers who were assured they were making a good investment, regulated by the City, are now enduring extraordinary financial hardships through no fault of their own,” said Council Member Mark Levine. “The moratorium on licensing fees is a tangible way to offer relief to these struggling drivers. The reduced revenues are nominal for the City, especially as compared to the $850 million we took in from sales of inflated medallions during the bubble years. The City owes these drivers a great moral debt and the passage of this bill will be a way to start repaying that debt. I am glad that the Administration has made this commitment is joining my effort to support these drivers.”
“The extension of the For-Hire Vehicle cap is an important step to reduce congestion on our roads and to curb the financial crisis among professional drivers that has unfortunately led many to suicide,” said Council Member Adrienne Adams. “The continuation of the cap is a necessary pause on the unchecked growth of the For-Hire Vehicle industry and I thank Mayor De Blasio and the Taxi and Limousine Commission for taking this step.”
“News of taxi drivers taking their lives because of the weight of insurmountable burdens are tragic stories that we must continue to address,’ stated Council Member Rafael Salamanca. ‘Last year, I sponsored legislation that was enacted into law that required TLC to provide TLC-licensed drivers financial and mental health services, as well as offer additional resources through a network of non-profit organizations. As it was then, it is imperative we continue to support our drivers and reduce the stigma of seeking help when needed. I applaud the de Blasio administration for building on my legislation and creating driver assistance centers that will have on-site staff to offer immediate help to drivers in need.”
“A cap on new For Hire Vehicles was the first step in stabilizing incomes for drivers in poverty, debt, and despair across the industry. And with the minimum pay rates that followed, Uber and Lyft drivers are finally able to see gains,” said Bhairavi Desai, Executive Director, New York Taxi Workers Alliance. “The right to stable and livable income should be a standard in this industry — and that’s only possible with a permanent cap on FHVs. Uber and Lyft and their cohorts created a race to the bottom, filling our streets with so many vehicles that no driver could get enough fares to make a living. These companies have never had a supply problem, only an efficiency one, and when drivers are left cruising endlessly, they not only go without income, they pay for expenses out of pocket. Uber and Lyft drivers are pushed out of the line for the next fare when there are too many cars, and yellow, green and livery drivers are drowned out. No driver wins when Uber and co oversaturate our streets. That’s why Uber drivers across the country have called for vehicle caps. Now, our city is leading the way to protect full-time livable incomes in the gig economy. We thank Mayor de Blasio for his leadership on this issue.”
“The extension of the for-hire-vehicles cap is an unquestionable victory for the New York City drivers and their families. This smart-city measure will decrease congestion for all New Yorkers while also raising the standards for good jobs in the industry, something we know will not only change the lives of drivers but will also support their families and the communities that depend on them,” said Hector Figueroa, president of 32BJ SEIU, the largest property service union in the country, which has stood within solidarity with Taxi and app drivers since they began organizing for better jobs.
“Uber and Lyft have for too long evaded their basic obligation to carry New Yorkers with disabilities, but the city’s decision to maintain its cap on non-accessible vehicles makes it clear that their brand of old-style discrimination won’t stand,” said Joe Rappaport, Executive Director of the Brooklyn Center for Independence of the Disabled. “The next step is up to these companies, who now have a chance to do the right thing and make the transition to full accessibility.”
“Since last year, for-hire vehicle companies and drivers have had a simple choice: If you want a new permit to carry passengers, you have to make sure you’re serving all New Yorkers, not just some of them,” said James Weisman, President and CEO of the United Spinal Association, a supporter of wheelchair accessibility. “That was a smart decision, and the mayor’s decision today to make the cap on non-accessible FHV vehicles permanent drives home the point.”
“We support the cap to restrict new for-hire vehicles to wheelchair-accessible vehicles,” said Edith Prentiss, chair of the Taxis For All Campaign, a coalition of disability groups. “Now, Uber, Lyft and other FHV companies must get the word out about their accessible in the same way they advertise and promote their non-accessible vehicles.”
“The huge, well-financed for-hire-vehicle corporations still haven’t provided nearly enough wheelchair-accessible vehicles to help New Yorkers with disabilities, who face immense transportation barriers,” said Justin Wood, Director of Organizing and Strategic Research, New York Lawyers for the Public Interest. “Continuing to cap the number of for-hire-vehicle licenses while exempting wheelchair-accessible vehicles is a necessary and sensible first step to making this sprawling industry more accessible.”
“I applaud the City’s efforts to limit unnecessary driving, while maintaining incentives for wheelchair-accessible vehicles, some of the most essential vehicles on Manhattan’s streets,” said Sarah Kaufman, Associate Director, NYU Rudin Center for Transportation.
“We’re glad to see Mayor de Blasio is taking steps toward limiting the number of cars in New York City and restricting the amount of time for-hire-vehicle drivers spend cruising without passengers. To make New York a safer, greener, more equitable city, we need to see more policy decisions like these that aim to eliminate unnecessary and harmful car traffic,” said Marco Conner, Interim Co-Executive Director, Transportation Alternatives.
“For-hire vehicle traffic in the Manhattan core is a significant drag on bus speeds. The proposed cap on cruising on the city’s most congested streets is very good news for bus riders, who’ll get faster trips, as well as FHV drivers who’ll earn more per hour,” said TransitCenter Communications Director Ben Fried.
“CWA District 1 applauds Mayor de Blasio’s extension of the one-year for-hire vehicle cap as a critical step in protecting hard-working drivers who keep this city moving. We are proud that under the Mayor’s leadership, New York City is setting a national example in stopping the exploitation of this low-wage, often immigrant, workers by the taxi and limousine industry,” said Dennis Trainor, Vice President for CWA District 1.
“New York nurses applaud this agreement, which makes a dramatic difference for our city’s drivers. The unsustainable economic situation for drivers in New York City has led to tragic health consequences. As nurses and caregivers we realize that economic justice is healthcare justice,” said Judith Cutchin, RN, President of H+H Executive Council.
“We have got to reduce the amount of traffic, congestion, and pollution on our NYC streets. As it is now difficult to navigate the city and getting to work or appointments has become an unbearable challenge. Transportation is key to the life of New York City,” said Rev. Dr. Nigel Pearce, Grace Congregational Church of Harlem.
Photo credit: 1) Mark Levine and Rev. Dr. Nigel Pearce 2) Bill de Blasio.