“Harlem and New York City are part of my life’s blood,” Mr. Mitchell, 81, said in an interview last week. “When Columbia was getting property in Harlem, there was a lot of tension between the community and Columbia. I said, why don’t I give my papers to Columbia? I will act as a go-between and pave the way for better relationships.”
On Friday, Harlem-based Columbia University’s Rare Book & Manuscript Library announced that it had acquired Mr. Mitchell’s archives, its first major dance collection.
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The archives are as much about culture as they are a social history. Mr. Mitchell was the first black principal dancer at New York City Ballet, where George Balanchine, in 1957, choreographed “Agon,” a ballet featuring a pas de deux with Mr. Mitchell and Diana Adams. “This is before racial equality,” Mr. Mitchell said. “The fact that Mr. Balanchine took upon himself to put me with a Caucasian ballerina and to do a wonderful pas de deux was unheard-of.”
Mr. Mitchell said: “Most people, when you get their archives, are dead. I am very much alive.”
“I want it to become a living, breathing entity where the Harlem community would come on campus at Columbia and where people from Columbia would go into Harlem,”
And he added that he relished the opportunity to be hands-on and to extend his collection’s reach beyond the library. To that end, he stipulated that public programming would be included as part of the acquisition. “I want it to become a living, breathing entity where the Harlem community would come on campus at Columbia and where people from Columbia would go into Harlem,” he said.
For Sean Quimby, director of the library, the idea of auxiliary events is one of the most interesting components of the project. “People tend to think of rare book libraries as dusty, old dead places,” Mr. Quimby said. “Here we have an opportunity to mount a series of programs that we hope will bring a wide range of audiences.”
The archive consists of around 200 boxes — they’re still being sorted — that Mr. Mitchell kept mainly in storage. The boxes contain videos, programs (like a 1952 one from “Four Saints in Three Acts,” at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris), clippings and photographs, including images from a screen test for a Luchino Visconti film, and extensive Russian ballet memorabilia. There is also footage from a Leon Bibb television show from 1969 when Dance Theater — formed after the death of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. — was just three months old.
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