Everything You Need To Know About Opportunity Zones From Harlem To Hollywood

The Opportunity Zones program was enacted late last year as part of the federal tax overhaul, the Opportunity Zones program provides tax incentives to developers who invest in historically distressed neighborhoods throughout the U.S. There are 8,700 communities that have been designated as Opportunity Zones.

In New York City, there are 306; Los Angeles County has 274; Chicago Cook County, 181; and Miami-Dade County has 67. Created by Republican Sen. Tim Scott of South Carolina and Democratic Sen. Cory Booker of New Jersey, it is intended to spur investment in places institutional money might otherwise overlook. That development in turn, would help the communities and businesses.

In New York City, there are 306; Los Angeles County has 274; Chicago Cook County, 181; and Miami-Dade County has 67. Created by Republican Sen. Tim Scott of South Carolina and Democratic Sen. Cory Booker of New Jersey, it is intended to spur investment in places institutional money might otherwise overlook. That development in turn, would help the communities and businesses.

Developers benefit

By far, the biggest advantage is that it allows investors or developers to defer — and possibly forgo — paying capital gains taxes, or taxes resulting from the sale of certain types of assets. Banks and lenders will also be more likely to now invest in these projects and areas because of the incentives. One unique attribute is that the program also encourages new construction, providing the biggest tax break to investors who keep their money in these zones for at least 10 years.

Opportunity Zones maps: New York | Miami | Los Angeles | Chicago

Developers who already have projects planned in these newly carved-out zones also stand to benefit enormously, experts say. In some cases, massive projects such as the LeFrak and Soffers’ $4 billion projects in North Miami, called SoleMia, just happen to fall in the Opportunity Zones and could potentially qualify for this government program. A controversial planned mega-project in South Los Angeles dubbed The Reef also falls into a designated Opportunity Zone. The development, proposed by Ara Tavitan, would span 1.66 million square feet and include 1,444 condominium and apartments units, 152,000 square feet of retail space and 72,000 square feet of signage.

When projects start seeing and who can invest

That’s tough to say. The guidelines are written very broadly so almost any type of project can qualify, albeit with a few exceptions: private or commercial golf courses, massage parlors, along with tanning salons and gambling facilities would not be permitted, to name a few. Experts say multifamily properties, warehouses, and self-storage facilities might make the most sense because the program encourages investors to hold properties for at least 10 years.

The $500M Opportunity Zone funds launched

It is important to note that investors can’t put money directly into a specific project or business in these zones. Instead, they have to invest in what are called Qualified Opportunity Funds. Those require 90 percent of the investment remain in designated areas, either via properties or businesses.

RXR already has a few development projects in New York locations (The Real Deal reports that Harlem has been included and saw the most activity by total square feet among permits filed last year on 125th Street) like New Rochelle and Glen Cove, which would be eligible for the tax benefit, according to an investor presentation cited by Bloomberg.

Big money is digging Opportunity Zones. Arlington, Virginia-based hedge fund EJF Capital as well as the New York-based real estate company RXR Realty have both launched funds seeking to raise at least $500 million. RXR already has a few development projects in New York locations (The Real Deal reports that Harlem has been included and saw the most activity by total square feet among permits filed last year on 125th Street) like New Rochelle and Glen Cove, which would be eligible for the tax benefit, according to an investor presentation cited by Bloomberg.

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Goldman Sachs and PNC Financial Services Group are also exploring ways to take advantage of the Opportunity Zones program. It is unclear exactly where these funds will invest because they likely won’t deploy capital until further guidance from the government, which is expected in the coming months.

Downsides for developers

There is still a lot of uncertainty around this program, but the big question seems to be whether this tax break will be enough to encourage development. Projects in low-income areas can be challenging, and if the underlying economics aren’t there, how much is a capital gains tax break really going to help? That’s likely the question that all developers are facing. But others say these tax breaks make real estate at a time of rising interest rates. Plus, sophisticated investors like Goldman Sachs are already pouring money into developments in low-income areas, so large institutional money might not be taking that big of a risk with these projects.

Where we go from here

There are still a lot of questions, and everyone is waiting for more guidance from the federal government. It was expected to come out around Labor Day. The IRS and the U.S. Treasury Department now says these rules will be released in the coming months, along with more detail on which projects will qualify. When that happens, more Opportunity Funds, or investment vehicles for Opportunity Zone projects, will likely start popping up. Likewise, developers should start proposing new projects, especially in areas where there is already development taking place. No large-scale project has yet to take advantage of the program, but some developers say they’re interested in setting up Opportunity Funds, and Richard LeFrak is considering changing some of the project mix of his planned SoLe Mia development in South Florida because of the initiative.

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Via The Real Deal.

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