Chandler Owen, The “Lenin” Of Harlem, 1889 – 1967

September 5, 2023

Chandler Owen, April 5, 1889 – November 2, 1967, was a Harlem writer, editor, and early member of the Socialist Party of America.

Born in North Carolina, he studied and worked in New York City, then moved to Chicago for much of his career. He established his own public relations company in Chicago and wrote speeches for candidates and presidents including Thomas Dewey, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Lyndon B. Johnson.


Owen was born in Warrenton, North Carolina, in 1889. He graduated from Virginia Union University in 1913. Later, while studying economics at Harlem‘s Columbia University in 1916, he joined the Socialist Party of America. He began a lifelong friendship with A. Philip Randolph and together they followed the lead of radical activist Hubert Harrison in Harlem. They soon became known in Harlem as “Lenin” (Owen) and “Trotsky” (Randolph). The two started a journal in 1917, called The Messenger, which published leading literary and political writers. Soon after, while Owen was running for the New York State Assembly, he and Randolph were jailed, and they were mocked and treated cruelly for their Socialist affiliations.

Owen moved to Chicago, Illinois, shortly thereafter and found himself quickly enlightened with socialistic views. He became managing editor of the Chicago Bee, a major African-American publication, and continued to back Randolph in his efforts to unionize Pullman porters on the railroads. With his mounting career success, Owen went on to establish his own public relations company. He remained interested in politics and wrote many speeches for politicians such as Wendell Willkie, Thomas Dewey, and even for US presidents Dwight Eisenhower and Lyndon B. Johnson.

In the 1920s, Owen became a Republican. He would later run unsuccessfully for a seat in the United States House of Representatives. For the remainder of his life, he worked in public relations and continued to write speeches.

Suffering from terminal kidney disease, Owen wrote a last letter to A. Philip Randolph said, …”Our long friendship, never soiled, is nearing its close. I’ve been in pain. If you were not living, I would commit suicide today.” Owen died soon after in November 1967.

Like Harrison, Owen was an atheist. In a 1919 issue of The Messenger he and Randolph wrote, “We don’t thank God for anything… our Deity is the toiling masses of the world and the things for which we thank are their achievement.”

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