The American Civil Liberties Union Campaign for Smart Justice released new public opinion polling today that shows consensus support for criminal justice reform across the ideological and political spectrum from Harlem to Hollywood.
The research, conducted by Benenson Strategy Group between October 5 and October 11, 2017, included 1,003 telephone interviews with Americans across the US. 41 percent of participants identified as conservative, 31 percent as liberal, and 23 percent as moderate. Respondents were asked about their views on the size of the prison system, mandatory minimums, whether incarceration makes communities safer, how to respond to mental illness and drug addiction within the context of the criminal justice system and including in circumstances involving violence, and what types of policy positions voters seek from their elected officials. The poll shows a remarkable level of agreement between Americans of varying political parties and demographics.
Key findings include:
- 91 percent of Americans say that the criminal justice system has problems that need fixing.
- 71 percent say it is important to reduce the prison population in America, including
- 87 percent of Democrats, 67 percent of Independents, and 57 percent of Republicans — including 52 percent of Trump voters.
- 2 in 3 Americans (68 percent) would be more likely to vote for an elected official if the candidate supported reducing the prison population and using the savings to reinvest in drug treatment and mental health programs, including 65 percent of Trump voters.
- 72 percent of Americans would be more likely to vote for an elected official who supports eliminating mandatory minimum laws.
- 84 percent of Americans believe that people with mental health disabilities belong in mental health programs instead of prison.
- 71 percent of Americans agree that incarceration is often counterproductive to public safety, since “sending someone to prison for a long sentence increases the chances that he or she will commit another crime when they get out because prison doesn’t do a good job of rehabilitating problems like drug addiction and mental illness.” This includes 68 percent of Republicans and 65 percent of Trump voters.
- The majority of Americans recognize racial bias in the criminal justice system — only one in three agree that Black people are treated fairly by the criminal justice system.
“Americans reject President Trump’s 1990s-era tough-on-crime approach and overwhelmingly believe in a different and smarter approach,” said Udi Ofer, deputy national political director and Campaign for Smart Justice director at the ACLU. “Our poll demonstrates near-consensus support for criminal justice reform, including reducing the prison population, reinvesting in rehabilitation and treatment, and eliminating policies like mandatory minimums. Americans believe that resources should be shifted from incarceration to rehabilitation. Americans also believe that racism in policing, prosecution, and sentencing drive inequities in the criminal justice system.
“The data is clear — when it comes to criminal justice, Americans want reform and rehabilitation, and reject President Trump’s outdated political playbook. Trump and Sessions are out of touch with what voters want, including in their own party.”
The poll also asked Americans about their views on how the criminal justice system should respond to offenses involving violence. 61 percent of Americans believe that people who have committed crimes involving violence can turn their lives around. 61 percent of Americans also believe that people who suffer from drug addiction and commit serious crimes don’t belong in prison but should be in rehabilitation programs where they can receive treatment. And a large majority of Americans (87 percent) believe that when people with mental health disabilities commit crimes that involve violence they should be sent to mental health programs where they can receive treatment from professionals.
A copy of the topline memo can be found here
The full poll can be found here
The ACLU Campaign for Smart Justice is an unprecedented, multiyear effort to reduce the U.S. jail and prison population by 50% and to combat racial disparities in the criminal justice system. We are working in all 50 states for reforms to usher in a new era of justice in America.
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